Energy Efficient Transportation
Cleaner (green) transportation
The share of transport in the total energy consumption accounts for 30% and in GHG emission at EU level for around 25%, of which 71.3% is generated by road transport. In compliance with EU goals to reduce GHG emissions and considering growing air pollution, it is essential to emphasise the importance of green transportation, i.e. energy efficiency in transport, and to encourage the projects aimed at increasing energy efficiency of transportation systems and use of more efficient vehicles (vehicles using RES, which emit less CO2 and electric vehicles).
In accordance with the guidelines in the EU transport strategy of March 2011 (White paper – Roadmap to a single European transport area – towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system), which places transport into the context of the new European Union development strategy, the Ministry of Environment and energy prepared the Transportation emissions reduction programme for the period 2013 – 2020. This programme, in compliance with the Energy Strategy, envisages measures to reduce the emissions from transport and to achieve the goal of a 10% share of RES in all modes of transport:
- the programme for stimulating the purchase of electric and "plug in" hybrid vehicles for citizens, companies and trades entitled – Drive Economically, which is implemented by the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund
- excise duties corrections – introducing environmental criteria
- the Act on Promoting Clean and Energy Efficient Vehicles in Road Transport transposing into national legislation the provisions of EU Directive
- the programme for stimulating the purchase of environmentally-friendly public transport vehicles – “Green Public Transport”, implemented by EPEEF
- the programme for stimulating ecodriving training (so far for companies, and in 2015 it is envisaged for natural persons as well), implemented by EPEEF
- the programme implemented by EPEEF entitled the “Green Line” under which county public institutions, national parks and nature parks can apply for a grant to purchase electric vehicles, vessels and hybrid vehicles.
- proposal for a regulation governing special environmental charges for motor vehicles
The Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund co-financed the measures for enhancing energy efficiency in transportation through 3 programmes:
- co-financing the purchase of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles for citizens, companies and trades
- co-financing eco-driving training
- co-financing other measures for energy efficiency in traffic