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Low emissions transport

Transport is already recognised as the great polluter of the environment, partly due to the use of fossil fuels, partly due to exhaust gasses as the by-product of combustion, and another problem is the growing noise pollution. In addition, more than 30% of the overall energy consumption globally is accounted to transport, and the emissions of greenhouse gases form transport in 2014 were by almost 70% higher compared to 1990, making transport one of the sectors faced with the greatest challenges.

Consequently, it is of the utmost importance to prompt the transformation of the transport systems, especially in urban areas, in favour of cleaner modes of transport. This primarily implies efficient public transport in town centres, and the development of other types of mobility, such as the cycling infrastructure, public bicycles, car-sharing scheme, etc., which are aimed at reducing the number of vehicles on the roads, reducing exhaust gases, and reducing the congestions in traffic. However, having regard to the fact that most households own at least one passenger vehicle, it is important to promote the use of modern and greener technologies in passenger cars, i.e. choosing electric cars. The range of these types of cars is growing by the day as a result of the fact that some European countries announced they would ban the sale of traditional cars in the next 25-30 years.
 
Croatia joined the e-mobility trend, for which the credit also goes to the programmes of co-financing implemented by the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund in the past years. In the period 2014 – 2020, through the programmes worth around HRK 300 million, the Fund promoted different ways to improve energy efficiency in transport, from planning the transport systems at local levels, to energy efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles.