Special categories of waste
An end-of-life vehicle is a vehicle which due to damage, deterioration, and other causes will be, is intended to be, or has to be discarded by its owner. Due to the possibility of uncontrolled discharge of liquids, end-of-life vehicles are hazardous for the environment and they demand special care in the process of their disposal.
Management of end-of-life vehicles and their parts is a group of measures that include collection, treatment, reuse of parts of end-of-life vehicles, recovery of end of life vehicles, and disposal of the newly formed waste which cannot be recovered.
The holder of an end-of-life vehicle is obliged to hand over the end-of-life vehicle to the collector, preferably whole, at the collector’s warehouse or by calling the collector to the location where the end-of-life vehicle is located.
When the end-of-life vehicle is handed over, the certificate of destruction of end-of-life vehicle (the POOV form) is issued, which is required for cancelling the registration (deregistration).
A whole end-of-life vehicle is the end-of-life vehicle which has all the essential components, in particular the engine and the coachwork.
When the holder hands over the end-of-life vehicle to the collector, (s)he is obliged to submit the proof of ownership (a copy of the certificate of registration, a copy of another document proving that they own the end-of-life vehicle, a copy of the ID card) or a document verifying the vehicle’s registration in the Republic of Croatia, or proof that the fee to the Fund has been paid for the vehicle concerned (a copy of the decision of the Fund).
The holder of the whole end-of-life vehicle who upon the handover to the collector submitted one of the foregoing documents is entitled to a compensation which is paid by the collector based on the weighed mass of the end-of-life vehicle, which cannot exceed the mass of the vehicle stated in the certificate of registration. The compensation for handing the end-of-life vehicle to recovery amounts to 1 kn/kg of the whole end-of-life vehicle with the related tax and surtax.
The certificate of vehicle’s registration in the Republic of Croatia is issued by the competent authority for the registration of vehicles, or by the Fund based on the cooperation agreement between the competent authority and the Fund.
The application for issuing the document verifying that the vehicle is registered can be found on the Fund’s website www.fzoeu.hr under the section Special categories of waste – End-of-life vehicles.
The categories of motor vehicles which are accepted under the provisions of the Ordnance on the management of end-of-life vehicles are the following:
*category M1, motor vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat,
*category N1, motor vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum weight not exceeding 3,5 tonner, and
*L2, L4 and L5 (except L5e) categories of motor vehicles
The collector is a legal or natural person-tradesman that pursuant to the Act holds a licence to perform the activity of collecting end-of-life vehicles.
The collector is obliged to accept from the holder their end-of-life vehicle and parts and materials resulting from maintenance of the vehicle.
The collector is obliged to hand over to the treatment operator all collected end-of-life vehicles, and vehicle parts and materials, in the condition as is when taken from the holder, and accompanied by the consignment note pursuant to a special regulation.
The collector must have a secure warehouse to store the collected end-of-life vehicles. It is prohibited to treat end-of.-life vehicles, dismantle them, or remove liquids from them in the warehouse. End-of-life vehicles must not be stacked in the warehouse, and they must be stored in such a way as to avoid damage to parts of motor vehicles containing liquids and components which can be reused and recovered. End-of-life vehicles must be stored on an adequate impermeable surface equipped with devices for collecting scattered or fluid waste, the collection pit, or special container and degreasing agents.
Treatment of end-of-life vehicles
Treatment of end-of-life vehicles in the Republic of Croatia is performed by legal and natural persons – tradesmen holding the relevant waste management licence for the treatment of end-of-life vehicles pursuant to the Act, and that in accordance with the authorisation of the Ministry have concluded a contract with the Fund (hereinafter: the treatment operator).
The treatment operator is obliged to accept from the collector all collected vehicles verifying the collector’s consignment note, and treat them pursuant to the provisions of the Ordinance on the management of end-of-life vehicles.
The treatment operator must have a facility for storage and treatment of end-of-life vehicles in accordance with the Act and the special regulation.
The treatment operator is obliged to perform the treatment of end-of-life vehicles under the following conditions:
– the treatment facility must be equipped with impermeable surface, devices for collecting scattered or spilled waste, the collection pit or special container, and degreasing agents,
– removed spare parts must be stored separately, and parts contaminated with oil must be stored on an impermeable surface,
– batteries and accumulators (starters), filters, and condensers containing PCB/PCT, and other hazardous and non-hazardous waste resulting from the treatment of end-of-life vehicles must be stored in adequate receptacles/containers,
– liquids from end-of-life vehicles: fuel, motor oil, gear oil, transmission system oil, hydraulic system oil, coolant in radiators, acids from batteries and accumulators (starters), refrigerant in the AC system, and all other liquids and hazardous substances which are found in the end-of-life vehicles must be stored in appropriate containers,
– the treatment facility must be fitted with equipment for the treatment of end-of-life vehicles including rain water, adequate warehouse for used tyres, measures
for the prevention of excessive stockpiling in the storage, and the fire system in place in accordance with special regulations.
The treatment operator is obliged to ensure safe removal from the end-of-life vehicle and storage of the components containing liquids, parts of an end-of-life vehicle which can be reused, and spare parts.
After acceptance of an end-of-life vehicle, the treatment operator must immediately remove the accumulator from the end-of-life vehicle, remove or neutralize potentially explosive components, and the liquefied gas cylinder if it has been installed in the end-of-life vehicle.
The following has to be removed from an end-of-life vehicle and collected separately:
– motor oil,
– transmission oil,
– gear oil, differential oil,
– hydraulic oil (e.g. servomechanism),
– fuel (including liquefied gas),
– coolant in radiators,
– brake fluid,
– shock-absorber oil,
– refrigerant in AC units (FCKW)
– parts containing mercury,
– components containing asbestos.
Before treatment in the shredder, compactor, or crusher the treatment operator is obliged to separate:
– the catalytic converter,
– all glass,
– large components made from plastic materials which could not be separated after shredding and crushing (bumpers, dashboards, fluids containers, etc.) in order to stimulate their material recovery and recycling.
– metal parts containing copper, aluminium and magnesium, if their extraction and separation after shredding has not been provided for.
Recovery of end-of-life vehicles and parts resulting from the treatment of end-of-life vehicles must be performed applying the best available techniques, where material recovery shall have precedence.
In the process of management of end-of-life vehicles the following has to be ensured:
– the rate of reuse and recovery for all end-of-life vehicles handed over for treatment during the year amounts to a minimum of 95% of average mass of an end-of-life vehicle handed over for treatment, or
– the rate of reuse and recycling for all end-of-life vehicles during the year amounts to a minimum of 85% of average mass of an end-of-life vehicle handed over for treatment.
Fees and charges
Ordinance on the management of end-of-life vehicles
Ordinance on the management of end-of-life vehicles (OG 90/16)
Regulation on the management of end-of-life vehicles Official Gazette 112/15